A startup is using recycled organic waste as a substrate for growing exotic mushrooms
Mushrooms are not only tasty – they are in demand. In 2020, the global mushroom market produced 14.35 million tonnes of fungi, but this figure is forecast to reach 24.05 million tonnes by 2028. And the growth of vegetarian and vegan diets is whetting consumers’ appetites for exotic mushrooms in particular, with varieties such as shiitake and oyster growing in popularity. How can this demand be met sustainably?
To grow mushrooms you need a ‘substrate’ – the base material colonised by the fungi’s mycelium from which the edible mushroom flowers. But sourcing substrates is a thorn in the side of commercial exotic mushroom growers, with supply chain issues dogging the market. This is where Belgian startup Eclo comes in. Normally, mushroom substrates are made from a wood base, grains, water, and mycelium. Eclo, by contrast, has found a way to replace the grains with organic waste from breweries and industrial bakeries. Not only is this a good use of recyled material that reduces the demand for virgin grain – the novel substrate is also high-yield, benefitting growers’ bottom lines.
To make the most of its circular substrate, the company recently raised €4.7 million to build a brand new factory in Villers-le-Bouillet near Liège. The facility will produce 7,000 tonnes of mushroom substrate per year, a significant ramp-up in the company’s production capacity. Because substrate production involves a high risk of contamination, the solar-powered factory will be hi-tech, employing automated production lines for the most important parts of the process.
At the facility, the ingredients of the substrate will be mixed together in favourable conditions to encourage mycelium growth. The organic waste feedstock will be sourced locally, with Cantillon Brewery providing spent beer grain, and Colruyt Group and Bon Pain organic bread. Once the substrate is completely colonised by mycelium, it will be sold to growers who will use it to produce shiitake, eryngii, nameko, maitake, and pompom mushrooms.
Installation of the new facility will begin in 2023, and full production is expected to be achieved in 2026. Elsewhere, the company runs an urban farm that produces exotic mushrooms, microgreens, and aromatic baby herbs.
Other mushroom-flavoured innovations recently spotted by Springwise include bionic mushrooms that generate electricity, a biofuel made from mushroom waste, and mushrooms grown at an underground farm.